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Gum Disease

Gum disease is a serious condition which usually results from poor oral hygiene. Gum disease is inflammation of the gums that can go on to destroy the bone surrounding your teeth.

Gum disease is often painless so you might not even know that you have it. If left untreated it can eventually lead to tooth loss.

There are two main types of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the most common. Periodontitis is more common in adults over 30 and affects around 30%.

Gum disease can be treated and is better for your oral health when diagnosed early. Regular dental checks, proper brushing twice a day and flossing will help to prevent gum disease.

Symptoms

In most cases gum disease is painless, so it is vital that you have good overall oral hygiene. Regular dental checks are essential.

Signs of gum disease are often subtle. Symptoms may include:

  • red, swollen or tender gums
  • bleeding when you floss or brush
  • loose teeth or separation between teeth
  • continuous bad breath
  • gums that pull away from teeth
  • change in how your teeth sit together when you bite

Some people suffering from gum disease experience no symptoms or pain. The best prevention is regular dentist checks. Visits to the hygienists will also help keep your oral health in check and catch early stages of gum disease before it progresses.

Causes

The main cause of gum disease is plaque build up caused by oral bacteria. Poor oral health is a large contributor.

However, there are also risk factors that can contribute to gum disease:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy or hormonal changes
  • Genetics
  • Medication
  • Other health problems
  • Stress
  • Poor nutrition

Gum disease is common but preventable. Regular dentist and hygienist visits are essential to maintain good oral health.

FAQ

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How much does it cost to treat gum disease?

The price of treating gum disease ranges depending on the stage of the disease and the severity. That’s why it is essential to visit the dentist regularly and have your teeth professionally cleaned. It is important to take care of your oral health to help prevent gum disease occurring.

Can gum disease be prevented?

Yes. You can greatly reduce your chances of developing gum disease by taking good care of your oral health. That means a combination of at-home dental care and building a great relationship with your dentist.

We recommend daily healthy habits and regular visits to the dentist. For optimum oral health:

  • Practice good oral hygiene habits at home including brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day
  • Book hygiene visits with your dental hygienist at least  twice each year
  • Book routine exam and x-rays visits with your dentist once each year

Can gum disease be cured?

Early stages of gum disease are reversible with good oral care and regular dentist and hygienist visits. To help prevent gum disease you should brush twice daily, floss daily and go for regular dental checks. In more advanced cases treatment may include surgery or a medical procedure.

Does gum disease hurt?

For most people gum disease is painless which makes it more difficult to notice. Regular dentist visits will help prevent and diagnose gum disease. If you notice unusual symptoms in your mouth such as bleeding, swelling, loose teeth or persistent bad breath we suggest visiting a dentist as soon as possible.

What happens if you have gum disease?

Gum disease is usually the result of poor oral health. Symptoms of gum disease can include bleeding and swollen gums, constant bad breath, loose teeth and gums that pull away from the teeth. Gum disease is often painless. If you notice any of these signs you’ll need to book into a dentist for treatment.

How do you treat gum disease at home?

Gum disease can not be treated at home but it can be prevented. Taking good care of your oral health by brushing twice daily, flossing and regularly visiting the dentist can help with prevention.

Book your appointment today!